Corns – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Corns - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

What are Corns?

Corns like calluses develop from an accumulation of dead skin cells on the foot, forming thick, hardened areas. They contain a cone-shaped core with a point that can press on a nerve below, causing pain. Corns are a very common ailment that usually form on the tops, sides and tips of the toes. Corns can become inflamed due to constant friction and pressure from footwear. Corns that form between the toes are sometimes referred to as soft corns.

Types of Corns

There are two types of corns :

  • Hard corns (heloma durums) are the most common type. They are caused primarily by ill-fitting shoes and toe deformities. They usually develop on the tops and tips of the toes and on the sides of the feet.
  • Soft corns (heloma molles) usually occur as the result of bone abnormalities in the toes. They develop between the toes and are sometimes referred to as “kissing corns.”

Signs and Symptoms of Corns

  • Corns often look like red spots, where they have become inflamed as the skin thickens.
  • Some swelling can also occur.
  • Tenderness or pain under your skin.
  • Flaky, dry or waxy skin.

Causes of Corns

  • Tight fitting footwear.
  • High heeled footwear.
  • Tight fitting stockings and socks.
  • Foot sliding forward in a shoe that fits too loosely.
  • Deformed toes (Hammer toes).
  • Abnormality of gait (walking).
  • Using hand tools.

Treatment Of Corns

  • Use a pumice stone to wear down the thickened skin.
  • Avoid shoes that are too tight or too loose.
  • Use an orthotic or shoe insert made with materials that will absorb shock and shear forces.
  • Also avoid tight socks and stockings to provide a healthier environment for the foot.
  • Diabetics and all other individuals with poor circulation should never use any chemical agents to remove corns.
  • Applying an antibiotic ointment to reduce the risk of infection.

Self-Care Treatment

  • Wear comfortable shoes.
  • Use over-the-counter pads.
  • Moisturize your skin.
  • Thin your thickened skin.

Home Remedies for Corns

  1. Apply raw Papaya juice to the corn 2-3 times a day.
  2. Chalk, powdered and made into a paste by adding water, is very when applied on a corn at bedtime.
  3. Liquorices powdered and mixed with either Mustard or Gingili oil to make a paste. This should be applied 2-3 times a day.

Prevention of Corns

  • Wear comfortable shoes. fitting footwear often causes corns and calluses. Wear shoes that do not cramp your toes.
  • Adjust your walking style. An improper gait, such as walking on the sides of your feet, can produce calluses and corns.
  • Avoid high heels.
  • Use a moisturiser to keep skin moist and supple