Mastocytosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Mastocytosis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The most common form of mastocytosis is a disease of the skin. In very rare cases, mastocytosis can affect other parts of the body, like the stomach, the intestines and the bone marrow. This condition results when a person has too many mast cells.

Mastocytosis can occur at any age. However, it’s usually more serious in adults. Mastocytosis is usually mild in children and they often outgrow it.

Types of Mastocytosis?

There are two types of mastocytosis: cutaneous (skin) and systemic. There are different types of cutaneous and systemic forms. The most common cutaneous form is called urticaria pigmentosa. Urticaria pigmentosa occurs when mast cells get into the skin. Urticaria pigmentosa was first reported in the scientific literature in 1933.

What are Mast Cells?

Mast cells are a type of cell that helps you fight off infections. They make a chemical called histamine. Histamine can cause swelling, itching, and redness when your body is reacting to something. There are more mast cells in the skin, the lungs and the intestines than in other parts of your body.

Symptoms Of Mastocytosis

They symptoms of Mastocytosis can include allergic reactions like flushing, itching, abdominal cramping and even shock. The extra chemicals that are released because of Mastocytosis can also cause musculoskeletal pain, abdominal discomfort, nausea and vomiting, ulcers, diarrhea, skin lesions and can cause very low blood pressure, fainting and shock.

Causes Of Mastocytosis

We don’t know why some people have too many mast cells. We do know some things that trigger the release of histamine from mast cells and cause the symptoms of mastocytosis. Symptoms may be triggered by cold or heat, certain medicines, emotional stress and insect bites. The triggers aren’t the same in every person.

Treatment Of Mastocytosis

There are many different types of medicine that you doctor can prescribe for Mastocytosis. These include antihistamines for the itching and other skin problems, antihistamines that work on ulcers to relieve the ulcer like symptoms, two different types of antihistamines that treat flushing and low blood pressure, topical steroids for temporary reduction of skin lesion, steroids also treat malasorption. If the mastocytosis is malignant, cancerous or is associated with a blood disorder chemotherapy may be necessary.

Physical activity can also help people with Mastocytosis. Some types of exercise will bring balance into your life and even reduce stress. A few wonderful exercises include trampoline jumping, meditation, walk or jog in the park, fishing, rowing, golf, Tai Chi, Yoga, martial arts, aerobics, gymnastics, swimming, and even weight lifting. Never over do, only do what your body can handle without getting overly tired.

Another way to cleanse your body that can help with the relief of Mastocytosis is perspiration. This is a wonderful and pretty easy way to rid your body of accumulated toxins. Simple ways to achieve perspiration are when exercising wear extra clothing, sit in a sauna, drink warm tea in a very hot room and even eat hot jalapeno peppers.